Saturday, October 29, 2011
A genetic allele associated with high calcium absorption that is most common among African-American men is proving troublesome
PROBLEM: According to the National Cancer Institute, more than 240,000 American men are diagnosed annually with prostate cancer. The statistics are worse for African-Americans, as this ailment is reportedly 36 percent more prevalent among them than among non-Hispanic whites. High dietary intake of calcium has also been linked to this disease but it's unclear why this is so.
METHODOLOGY: Researchers studied 783 African-American men living in the San Francisco and Los Angeles areas, about two-thirds of whom were diagnosed with prostate cancer. They looked into the effects of genotype, calcium intake, and diet-gene interactions. More precisely, the team targeted a genetic allele associated with calcium absorption that is most common among populations of African origin.
RESULTS: Participants who reported the highest calcium intake were two times more likely to have localized and advanced prostate cancer than those who reported the lowest. On the other hand, men with a genotype associated with poor calcium absorption were almost 60 percent less likely to have been diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer than men who genetically were the best absorbers of calcium. Moreover, among men with calcium intake below the average, poor calcium absorbers had a 50 percent decreased risk of having advanced prostate cancer than the best absorbers.
CONCLUSION: A diet high in calcium may cause prostate cancer among African-American men who are predisposed to absorbing this mineral especially well.
SOURCE: The full study, "Calcium Intake and Prostate Cancer Among African Americans: Effect Modification by Vitamin D Receptor Calcium Absorption Genotype," is published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.
Friday, October 28, 2011
HBCU Homecoming Launches on the Appstore For The iPhone as the First and Only Mobile App Created To Showcase HBCU Homecoming Events
Nationwide (October 18, 2011) -- Diverse Mobile, the minority owned mobile application development company behind the first African American Storybook App on the AppStore, A Song for Miles, brings you another revolutionary App for the iPhone focusing on HBCU Homecomings. HBCU Homecoming is the first App created solely to promote Black College Homecoming activities and events. The application features schedules of events for all Black Colleges with Fall football Homecoming activities.
Having all attended HBCUs, the founders of Diverse Mobile recognize the amount of excitement and pageantry around Black College Homecomings and are attempting to fill a void in the mobile space with this one of a kind App. According to the UNCF Patterson Research Institute, though representing just 4 percent of the nation's public and private not-for profit four-year institutions, HBCUs enroll 21 percent of African-American college students, and grant 22 percent of all bachelor's degrees awarded to African-Americans. HBCUs also account for more than a fifth of all African- American undergraduates.
What makes the App so revolutionary and a must have for anyone with an interest in HBCUs is not only the schedule of events but all of the other innovative and collaborative features sure to please Alumni, current Students, and all interested Parties.
The feature set is listed below:
* Homecoming schedule of events for all HBCUs that have Fall Football activities and the ability to set reminders so you won't miss any events
* School specific In App Chat rooms that allow you to connect with old classmates or talk smack about an upcoming Game or Event!
* Listen to live broadcast streams of selected Black College football games through our partnership with the Heritage Sports network via the App
* Want to know where the hottest parties around Homecoming are occurring? This App has you covered in the Entertainment section
* Search for travel deals inside of the App for transportation to HBCU Homecomings and Events through our partnership with the HBCU College Shuttle
* Multipurpose QR scanner to be used on any QR code (2D Code)
* Twitter and Facebook feeds with the latest news on HBCUs inside of the application
The App can be downloaded today at the following link (http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/hbcu-homecoming/id471987577?ls=1&mt=8) or found on the AppStore by searching for "HBCU Homecoming". You can also follow HBCU mobile Apps on Twitter @hbcumobileapps or visit www.hbcumobileapps.com for more information. If you are a Promoter and interested in advertising your event around an HBCU Homecoming inside of the App, please contact us at email@example.com
Brian A. Roberson, Diverse Mobile
White children are far more likely to receive cranial computed tomography (CT) scans in an emergency department following minor head trauma than are African-American or Hispanic children, a study by researchers at UC Davis has found.
The study findings do not indicate that CT scans are underused in treating African-American and Hispanic children, the researchers said. Rather, they suggest that white children may receive too many CT scans -- and for that reason may be exposed to unnecessary radiation.
The study results were presented today at the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) Scientific Assembly by JoAnne E. Natale, associate professor of pediatric critical care medicine at the UC Davis School of Medicine and the study's lead author.
"The higher rates of cranial CT scan use in children at low risk for clinically significantbrain injury may represent overuse in white children, leading to increased radiation exposure and health-care costs," Natale said.
Cranial computed tomography imaging commonly is used to determine the severity of injury in children and adults in emergency departments. Cranial CT scans use X-rays to image the cranium, brain, eye sockets and sinuses.
However, in children with mild head trauma, earlier studies have found that fewer than 10 percent of CT scans identify a traumatic brain injury. CT scans use a significant amount of radiation and thus increase the risk of potential subsequent malignancies.
For the current study, researchers examined data from children whose race and/or ethnicity was Hispanic, non-Hispanic African American, or non-Hispanic white. Although all of the children had minor head trauma, some could be categorized as being at greater risk of a clinically significant injury in which a CT scan may be indicated.
Natale, who also is the medical director of the UC Davis Children's Hospital Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, said that the study utilized data compiled for a seminal 2009 study by UC Davis authors, which found that CT scans are not necessary for children at very low risk of clinically significant traumatic brain injury.
The 2009 study was lead by Nathan Kuppermann, co-author of the current study and chair of the UC Davis Department of Emergency Medicine. That study enrolled more than 40,000 children nationwide with minor head trauma who presented at 25 U.S. emergency departments, under the auspices of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) between 2004 and 2006.
The current study found that a child's race and/or ethnicity did not influence the likelihood of receiving a CT scan among children with minor head trauma at the greatest risk of having a clinically important brain injury. However, among lower-risk children, non-Hispanic white children were more likely to receive a CT scan than were non-Hispanic African-American children and children of Hispanic descent.
In addition to the increased risks posed by radiation exposure, overuse of CT scans in non-Hispanic white children also has impacts on overall health-care costs, Natale said. She said that the overuse of CT scans is part of a well-documented pattern of providing more care than is necessary to individuals of certain racial and/or ethnic groups, which in turn places additional burdens on health-care costs.
"Clearly, further studies should focus on explaining racial differences in the use of emergent neuroimaging," Natale said. "Our study highlights the importance of strong, evidence-based guidelines to ensure equal and optimal care for all children."
Source: University of California - Davis Health System
*They may be without their name, but the band formerly known as The Time is still united as members prepare for the release of their new album, “Condensate” on October 18, 2011.
Speaking with EUR’s Lee Bailey, frontman Morris Day as well as producer (and band member) Jimmy Jam label the turn of events as “freeing” in terms of being under a new name, The Original 7even, and providing a new trail to blaze, despite name recognition as The Time.
The name change to The Original 7even came as a mixed blessing for Day, Jam and fellow bandmates Terry Lewis, Jellybean Johnson, Jerome Benton, Monty Moir and Jesse Johnson as they found themselves unable to use the name they’ve built their careers under. In light of Prince owning the name of The Time, the collective reached a crossroads with the music icon’s refusal to let them use their former moniker.
“Simply, business is business and at a certain point we realized that we’re not going to be able to use the name The Time,” Jam explained. “The decision was made at that point that we could either continue to, shall we say, negotiate or argue or plead or whatever. We decided to go the route of let’s not hold things up because of the name. Let’s embrace the opportunity to move forward in a new era, with a new outlook, with a new album and that’s what we did. We think the name reflects exactly who we are. We are the Original 7even and that basically, for me, covers it.”
The change to the Original 7even came after members explored different names to call themselves. Ultimately, the Original 7even provided a good fit for the group, Jam noted. Despite Prince not letting the group use the name The Time, Day sees the move as a positive.
“The good thing about it was in a way he pushed us out of the nest, so to speak, because we had to rethink this whole thing and I think we approached it differently,” he stated. “I think it’s more interesting because now there’s something more to talk about because we changed the name…we approached the whole project differently, as the Original 7even versus being The Time. So in a way, he forced us to think outside the box and expand this whole thing. And I think it made the project even greater.”
History aside, Day and Jam hope fans as well as Prince enjoy “Condensate” and appreciate the effort that went into their latest creation.
“We hope that he enjoys the music. We hope that he’s proud of us for what we’re doing. And we think he will be,” Jam said. “We think he will love the record and I think he will sit back and whether he admits it or not he will go ‘I taught them well.’”
To celebrate the release of “Condensate,” on Tuesday (Oct. 18), the Original 7even will hold a screening and Q&A session for its new documentary at the Grammy Museum in downtown Los Angeles in LA Live. The 80-minute documentary, which will be available Tuesday in a fan pack with the album at Best Buy, will center on the history and formation of the group as well as feature members discussing popular stories involving them over the years. Tickets for the screening are $10 and are available for 200 people.
On Wednesday (Oct. 19), fans will be treated to the Original 7even’s debut live performance at Club Nokia in downtown Los Angeles at LA Live. Tickets for the event are on sale now.
The video for the group’s latest single, “#Trendin,” which is slated to premieres this week on Centric. You can check it out below or at the band’s website: www.theoriginal7even.com.
Written by By Chris Richburg / firstname.lastname@example.org
Thursday, October 27, 2011
Marijuana was decriminalized in New York State in 1977 – and that law is still on the books. Smoking marijuana in public or having marijuana visible in public, however, remains a crime. Most people arrested for marijuana possession are not smoking in public, but simply have a small amount in their pocket, purse or bag. Often when police stop and question a person, they say “empty your pockets” or “open your bag.” Many people comply, even though they’re not legally required to do so. If a person pulls marijuana from their pocket or bag, it is then “open to public view.” The police then arrest the person.
George Lucas calls the pilots in 'Red Tails' 'knights' of modern age.
"Star Wars" creator George Lucas is betting millions of his own dollars that moviegoers will be drawn to an action movie about African-American fighter pilots in World War II.
Mr. Lucas has self-financed a new film entitled "Red Tails" inspired by the true story of the first organized group of African-American fighter pilots in the U.S. armed forces.
Mr. Lucas put $58 million of his own money into the making of the movie and is spending $35 million more to pay the distribution costs.
Mr. Lucas said through a representative that he has worked on the project for 23 years. He was attracted to the project because he wanted to make an inspirational movie for young people and he felt the African-American pilots featured in the film were role models.
"They are really the knights of the contemporary age," Mr. Lucas said in a statement.
"Red Tails," directed by Anthony Hemingway, written by John Ridley and Aaron McGruder, and starring Cuba Gooding Jr., Terrence Howard, Ne-Yo, David Oyelowo and Nate Parker, will be released by Mr. Lucas's production company Lucasfilm Ltd. on Jan. 20.
Twentieth Century Fox, which like The Wall Street Journal is owned by News Corp., will distribute the movie.
The movie tells the story of the Tuskegee Airmen, an extraordinarily successful African-American aerial combat unit that overcame segregation and racism to win the right to fight in missions throughout Europe and Northern Africa in World War II.
Mr. Hemingway, a first-time feature film director, said that he felt the pressure of being handpicked by Mr. Lucas to helm the movie.
"I was a nervous wreck throughout the production," Mr. Hemingway said.
Mr. Hemingway said that Mr. Lucas, who served as executive producer on the film, was a "great collaborator" and encouraged him to "think outside the box on the combat scenes."
To punch up the humor in the movie and strengthen the story line, Mr. McGruder, known for his irreverent "Boondocks" cartoon, was brought in to rework the script.
Craig Hammack, a visual effects supervisor on "Red Tails," said that the combat sequences in the film, which feature work by Mr. Lucas's Oscar-winning effects company Industrial Light & Magic, may remind some viewers of the space battles in the "Star Wars" movies.
"When George first put out 'Star Wars,' it was heavily based on World War II aerial battles," Mr. Hammack said. "'Red Tails' is a chance to go back to that."
For more on "Red Tails" and other entertainment and media news, go toWSJ.com/Speakeasy.